What is insulin and why do we need it?
What does insulin do in your body??
Date: 6/21/2022 2:22:14 AM ( 7 mon ) ... viewed 309 times
** What is insulin and why do we need it?
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What Is Insulin?
Insulin is a hormone created by your pancreas that controls the amount of glucose in your bloodstream at any given moment. It also helps store glucose in your liver, fat, and muscles. Finally, it regulates your body's metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins.
What does insulin do to blood sugar?
Insulin helps blood sugar enter the body's cells so it can be used for energy. Insulin also signals the liver to store blood sugar for later use. Blood sugar enters cells, and levels in the bloodstream decrease, signaling insulin to decrease too.
Definitions - Term
glucose sugar that travels through your blood to fuel your cells.
insulin is a hormone that tells your cells either to take glucose from your blood for energy or to store it for later use
glycogen is a substance made from glucose that’s stored in your liver and muscle cells to be used later for energy
glucagon is a hormone that tells cells in your liver and muscles to convert glycogen into glucose and release it into your blood so your cells can use it for energy
pancreas an organ in your abdomen that makes and releases insulin and glucagon
Your body’s regulation of blood glucose is an amazing metabolic feat. However, for some people, the process doesn’t work properly. Diabetes mellitus is the best known condition that causes problems with blood sugar balance.
Diabetes refers to a group of diseases. If you have diabetes or prediabetes, your body’s use or production of insulin and glucagon are off. And when the system is thrown out of balance, it can lead to dangerous levels of glucose in your blood.
Type 1 diabetes
Of the two main types of diabetes, type 1 diabetes is the less common form. It’s thought to be an autoimmune disorder in which your immune system destroys the cells that make insulin in your pancreas.
If you have type 1 diabetes, your pancreas doesn’t produce insulin. As a result, you must take insulin every day. If you don’t, you’ll get very sick or you could die. For more information, read about the complications of type 1 diabetes.
Learn more: Everything you need to know about insulin »
Type 2 diabetes
With type 2 diabetes, your body makes insulin but your cells don’t respond to it normally. They don’t take in glucose from your bloodstream as well as they once did, which leads to higher blood sugar levels.
Over time, type 2 diabetes makes your body produce less insulin, which further raises your blood sugar levels.
Some women develop gestational diabetes late in their pregnancies. In gestational diabetes, pregnancy-related hormones may interfere with how insulin works.
This condition normally disappears after the pregnancy ends. However, if you’ve had gestational diabetes, you’re at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
If you have prediabetes, your body makes insulin but doesn’t use it properly. As a result, your blood glucose levels are raised, though not as high as they would be if you had type 2 diabetes.
Many people who have per-diabetes go on to develop type 2 diabetes.
This should be enough to get you interested in working with your body and how Insulin is used in your body! Seek and you shall find ask so that you may receive the truth!
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