For information purposes only:
Phenibut - The chief ingredient of Psychotropin is a derivative of the brain neurotransmitter amino acid gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA). This amino acid derivative is 3-phenyl GABA, known as the remarkable compound phenibut with very unique subjective effects. Phenibut gives a calming effect, however this effect is not associated with any sedation. Quite the contrary, phenibut seems to enhance concentration and awareness and it boosts clarity of thinking. It also seems to allow one to work harder with less perceived effort. It also has known and studied anti-catabolic effects. For instance, studies on piglets have shown that phenibut sharply reduces the corticosteroid response to weaning stress, resulting in enhanced growth versus controls.
Acetyl L-Carnitine (ALCAR) - ALCAR supplementation demonstrates neuronal structural changes in the brain and plays a role in reducing stress and depression. ALCAR protects against the decreases in dopamine and testosterone that normally occurs after exposure to both acute and chronic stress. ALCAR has also been shown to substantially increase circulating IGF-1 levels in non-symptomatic HIV+ as well as normal people.
Bacopa Monnieri - In use for several thousand years in Ayurvedic medicine as a brain nerve tonic, Bacopa monnieri is now being recognized for its memory enhancing by possibly improving the conductivity of nerve tissue as well as for its adaptogenic effects as it possesses mild sedative and anti-anxiety properties.
L-Theanine - Theanine may have both mood enhancing and nootropic properties. Theanine shows promise for improving learning performance, heightening mental acuity, increasing the formation of GABA, and increasing brain dopamine levels among other positive neurological benefits. Theanine has also been purported to reduce the ill effects of over stimulation from caffeine.
DMAE - DMAE has been used as a mood elevator for decades. After frequent use of DMAE subjects have reported more restful sleep while requiring less. Researchers have speculated that DMAE increases brain acetylcholine levels by inhibiting choline metabolism in peripheral tissues, although not directly as a choline precursor …quot;thereby allowing free choline to accumulate and subsequently converted to acetylcholine.
Betaine - Betaine is a methyl donor also known as Trimethylglycine (TMG). Betaine, a closely related molecule to choline, plays a role in the synthesis of carnitine. Methyl donors are also involved in synthesis of neurochemicals, which may account for their cognitive effects.
Rhodiola Rosea - In addition, Psychotropin contains the herb rhodiola rosea - which has documented CNS stimulating, mood elevating, work performance enhancing, sleep improving, and fatigue fighting properties.
Vinpocetine - Vinpocetine, a cerebral metabolic enhancer and a selective cerebral vasodilator, has been shown to enhance oxygen and glucose uptake from blood by brain neurons, and to increase neuronal ATP bio-energy production, even under hypoxic (low oxygen) conditions.
Huperzine A - Huperzine A crosses the blood-brain barrier and protects acetylcholine from being destroyed by acetylcholinesterase. This property of Huperzine causes an increase in acetylcholine in the brain thereby leading to improved mental function including memory enhancement.
Mixed all together spells "Psychotropin".