good research there! that was very interesting. maybe we should start antoher thread for hte hell question. one last quick point, if God is ultimately the source of all, then all things are dependant on Him for their existence, meaning He is connected to ALL. so if SOME are in torment, then God is in torment. why would God create a universe in which some part of Himself were sure to reamain in eternal torment? doesn't make sense.