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Re: NO, good grief man!
 
Rikki-Tikki-Tavi Views: 5,087
Published: 16 years ago
 
This is a reply to # 642,785

Re: NO, good grief man!


Your discription of the book looked more like a slanted islamic view of Christianity.

<For the Western world, 'Jihad' evokes images of mass spilling of innocent blood>

Here are the events that led to the crusades. And beyond.

570: Mohammed is born in Mecca

573: Abu Bekr, Mohammed's father in law and first Caliph of the Mohammedans is born

606: Fatima, Mohammed's daughter is born

610: Mohammed has a vision on Mount Hira

615: Mohammed starts teaching his religion.

622: Mohammed is forced to flee Mecca for Medina. This event is called the Hegira and is year one on the calendar for Islam.

624: Mohammed marries Aisha who is the ten-year-old daughter of Abu Bekr.

625: Mohammed begins to dictate the Koran.

627: Mohammed's enemies from Mecca besiege Medina and slaughter 700 Jews.

628: Mohammed captures Mecca and writes letters to all the rulers of the world explaining the principles of the Moslem faith.

632: Mohammed dies he is replaced by Abu Bekr who makes his capital Medina. Fatima also dies.

633: The religion of Mohammedanism as it is known spreads to Jerusalem, Antioch, and Alexandria taking those cities from the Christians.

634: Abu Bekr dies and is replaced by Mohammed's advisor, Omar I. Omar will spread the religion to Syria, Persia, and Egypt.

635: Damascus becomes the capital of the caliphs. Gaza is captured.

637: Jerusalem is conquered by the Arabs. Arabs are exposed to Islam.

638: Persia is besieged by the Moslems and asks for help from China.

639: The Arabs attack Armenia.

641: The Library of Alexandria is destroyed by the Arabs. Omar destroys the Persian Empire. The caliphs will rule the country till 1258 and Islam will replace the religion of Zoroaster.

642: The Eastern Roman Empire is weakened by the Arab conquest of Egypt, Mesopotamia, and Syria. The Amr Mosque is built in Cairo.

643: The Muslims conquer Tripoli. The building of the Dome of the Rock begins.

646: The Byzantine Navy recaptures Alexandria.

649: The Arabs conquer Cyprus.

650: Caliph Othman puts the Koran into chapters. He also introduces the first organized news service.

652: The Arabs reach their southern limit at Aswan.

655: A Muslim fleet destroys the Byzantine fleet at Lycia.

656: Caliph Othman murdered.

658: The Omayyad's rise to power in Damascus. They will become a family of Caliph's in 660 and start a style of building.

661: Caliph Ali, nephew of Mohammed, murdered.

670: The Arabs attack Northern Africa.

671: "Greek Fire" is used against the Arabs during their siege of Constantinople.

674: The Arabs reach the Indus River.

679: Yezid I becomes Caliph.

683: Moawiyah II becomes Caliph.

684: Abdelmelik becomes Caliph.

693: Justinian II is defeated by the Arabs at Sebastopolis, Cilicia. Justinian was a Byzantine emperor who had invaded Arab territory for Christianity.

694: Arabs overrun Armenia

695: First Arab coinage.

697: The Arabs destroy Carthage.

700: The Arabs conquer Algiers and Christianity in North Africa is wiped out.

705: Walid I becomes Caliph. The Great Mosque is built in Damascus.

711: Spain with the exception of Asturias becomes an Arab state.

712: The Muslims conquer Samarkand, Seville, and an Indian state is established in Sind.

716: The Arabs conquer Lisbon.

717: Caliph Omar II grants tax exemption to all believers.

720: The Arabs cross into France. Yezid becomes Caliph. Abu Masa Dshaffar, who invents sulfuric acid, metric acid, aqua regia, and nitrate of silver, begins work.

724: Hisham becomes Caliph.

732: Charles Martel defeats the Arabs at Tours and stops the westward expansion of the religion.

744: Mervan II becomes Caliph he is the last of the Omayyads.

748: The Arab Navy is destroyed at Cyprus.

750: The Abbasids take over the Caliph office with their first Caliph Abu-al-Abbis. This year begins the study of medicine, astronomy, mathematics, optics, and chemistry in Arab Spain.

751: Western Asia embraces Islam. Islam fractions into four sects: Sunnites, Hafenities, Shafites, and Malikites.

754: Al Mansur becomes Caliph.

755: The Cordoba family takes the Caliph office until 1031.

763: Caliph al-Mansur moves the capital to Baghdad.

775: Caliph Mahdi starts an inquisition.

782: The Arab scientist Jabir starts to separate the study of Chemistry from alchemy.

809: Caliph al-Amin takes office.

810: Arab mathematician Muhammed ibn Musa al Chwarazmi starts to study equations which he calls Algebra.

826: The Arabs take Crete and plunder the Greek isles. The following year they will invade Sicily and Sardinia.

832: The Arabs invade Egypt

833: Samarra becomes the new capital of Islam.

838: Arabs sack Marseilles and settle in southern Italy. They also manage to defeat the Byzantine Army.

846: The Arabs sack Rome and damage the Vatican.

847: Mottawakkil becomes Caliph. He is the last Caliph of the whole Islam religion. After this the religion since it has split no longer listens to a caliph from another section.

850: The Arabs invent coffee.

858: Vikings are expelled by the Arabs from their lands.

869: Malta is captured by the Arabs.

880: The Arabs lose Italy.

888: The Arabs occupy Garde-Freinet on the coast of Provence.

900: Christians begin the reconquest of Spain from the Arabs. The Arab physician Rhases declares plague, consumption, smallpox, and rabies to be infectious diseases.

904: Salonika is sacked by Muslim pirates.

916: Arabs are expelled from central Italy.

935: Algiers is built by Arabs.

939: The Arabs lose Madrid.

961: The Arabs lose Crete

968: The Arabs found Cairo and lose Antioch.

975: Arabs lose Garde-Freinet

994: Arabs destroy the monastery of Monte Cassino. This is where the first rules for monks were established.

1004: Arabs sack Pisa.

1009: Muslims sack the Holy Sepulcher in Jerusalem.

1015: the Arabs conquer Sardinia.

1033: The Arabs lose Castile

1052: The Arabs lose Sardinia.

1075: The Turks, who are Muslim, take Syria and Palestine

1085: Toledo is taken from Arabs.

1086: The Muslims revive the Almoravid dynasty in a move to take back Spain.

1094: Valencia is taken from the Arabs.

1095: Pope Urban II starts The First Crusade.

1097: The Crusaders defeat the Turks at Dorylaeum, and take Nicaea.

1098: The Crusaders take Antioch

1099: The Crusaders take Jerusalem

1104: The Crusaders take Acre. This marks the end of the First Crusade

1125: The Almohades conquer Morocco.

1144: The Turks take Edessa.

1145: Pope Eugene III proclaims The Second Crusade.

1147: The Second Crusade ends in Asia Minor.

1176: General Saladin conquers Syria for the Arabs.

1183: General Saladin takes Aleppo.

1187: Saladin takes Jerusalem.

1189: Third Crusade is proclaimed.

1191: Richard I and his Crusade Army takes Cyprus

1193: Saladin dies and the Third Crusade ends

1200: Islam starts to replace Indian religions.

1202: The Fourth Crusade begins.

1203: The Arabs conquer Upper India.

1204: Crusaders take Constantinople and the Fourth Crusade is declared over.

1212: The Children's Crusade begins.

1217: The Children's Crusade fails to take Egypt and ends.

1228: The Sixth Crusade begins. It would end the next year with no gains.

1230: The Crusaders manage to bring Leprosy into Europe.

1236: The Arabs lose Cordoba to Castile.

1244: The Egyptians take Jerusalem.

1248: The Seventh Crusade begins. It ends in 1250 with the capture of Louis IX.

1258: The Mongols take Baghdad from the Arabs.

1270: The Eighth Crusade begins and ends the same year.

1291: The Muslim Mamelukes take Acre and end Christian rule in the East. The Crusade period is declared to be over by the Pope.

1333: Arabic Zenith in Granada

1352: Arabs explore the Sahara

1375: The Mamelukes take Sis and end Armenian independence.

1382: The Ottoman Turks capture Sofia.

1390: The Ottoman Turks capture Asia Minor from the Byzantines.

1396: The Ottoman Turks defeat a Hungarian Army at Nicopolis.

1398: The Ottoman Turks conquer Delhi.

1401: The Ottoman Turks capture Baghdad and Damascus.

1443: The Hungarians at Nish defeat The Ottoman Turks

1444: The Ottoman Turks defeat the Polish and Hungarians at Varna.

1447: The Arabs lose India, Persia, and Afghanistan.

1453: The Ottoman Turks capture Constantinople and destroy the Byzantine Empire.

1456: The Ottoman Turks capture Athens.

1463: The Ottoman Turks capture Bosnia.

1467: The Ottoman Turks capture Herzegovina

1492: The Country of Spain becomes a reality with the end of Arab rule. The Ottoman Turks invade Hungary

1493: The Ottoman Turks invade Dalmatia and Croatia.

1501: Persia officially adopts Islam.

1507: The Portuguese establish bases in the Persian Gulf.

1517: The Ottoman's take Egypt

1526: The Arabs finally take India.

1528: The Ottoman Turks take Buda in Hungary. The next year they will fail to take Vienna.

1550: Islam spreads to Java, Molucca, and Borneo

1571: The Spread of the Ottoman Empire ends at the Mediterranean.

 

 
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